Small Business Encyclopedia

Terms starting with: c

Cafeteria Plan

Definition: An employee benefit arrangement allowed by IRS Code Section 125, under which employees are allowed to pay for certain employee benefits on a pre-tax rather than an after-tax basis.

Capital Equipment

Definition: Equipment that you use to manufacture a product, provide a service or use to sell, store and deliver merchandise. This equipment has an extended life so that it is properly regarded as a fixed asset.

Cash Float Accounts

Definition: A bank account specifically set up by a business owner to float money through from Business A to enhance the perceived value of Business B

Cash Flow

Definition: The difference between the available cash at the beginning of an accounting period and that at the end of the period. Cash comes in from sales, loan proceeds, investments and the sale of assets and goes out to pay for operating and direct expenses, principal debt service, and the purchase of asset

Cash Flow Statement

Definition: A financial statement that reflects the inflow of revenue vs. the outflow of expenses resulting from operating, investing and financing activities during a specific time period

Cash-Basis Accounting

Definition: An accounting system that doesn't record accruals but instead recognizes income (or revenue) only when payment is received and expenses only when payment is made. There's no match of revenue against expenses in a fixed accounting period, so comparisons of previous periods aren't possible.

CDC-504 Loan

Definition: An SBA loan program that provides long-term, fixed-rate loans of up to $1 million for financing fixed assets, such as land and buildings

Co-Op Advertising

Definition: Advertisements by retailers that include the specific mention of manufacturers, who---in turn---repay the retailers for all or part of the cost of the advertisement

Collateral

Definition: The asset(s) used as security in order to obtain a loan

Company Spokesperson

Definition: A person who represents a company, industry or cause in the media

Compensation

Definition: In financial terms, the salary and wages you pay to your employees for the work they do. Other, nonfinancial forms of compensation can also be offered to attract and retain staff.

Competition

Definition: Rivalry in business, as for customers or markets

Competitive Analysis

Definition: Identifying your competitors and evaluating their strategies to determine their strengths and weaknesses relative to those of your own product or service

Competitive Intelligence

Definition: The process of gathering actionable information on your business's competitive environment

Competitive Matrix

Definition: A chart that compares your product or service to your competitor(s)

Compound Interest

Definition: Interest computed on the sum of the principle and the accrued interest

Consultants

Definition: A person engaged to provide professional advice or services for a fee, but not as an employee of the business that engages him or her

Contracts

Definition: A legal document between parties that clearly spells out just what is expected and required of each party

Copyright

Definition: Exclusive legal rights that protect works of authorship, composition or artistry. A copyright protects the publication, production or sale of the rights to a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work or computer program or to the use of a commercial print or label.

Corporate Culture

Definition: A blend of the values, beliefs, taboos, symbols, rituals and myths all companies develop over time

Corporation

Definition: A form of business operation that declares the business as a separate, legal entity guided by a group of officers known as the board of directors

Cost-Benefit Analysis

Definition: A process by which you weigh expected costs against expected benefits to determine the best (or most profitable) course of action

Credit Cards

Definition: A bank-issued card that allows people to purchase goods or services from a merchant on credit

Credit Policy

Definition: Guidelines that spell out how to decide which customers are sold on open account, the exact payment terms, the limits set on outstanding balances and how to deal with delinquent accounts

Credit, Extending

Definition: Offering your customers the option of paying for the products and services they purchase from you at a later date instead of upfront

Crime Prevention

Definition: Steps you can take to minimize the risk that your business may be the victim of either an internal or external crime

Cross Training

Definition: Teaching your employees the skills and responsibilities of another position at your company to increase their effectiveness

Customer Relationships

Definition: The ways in which your company communicates and deals with existing customers

Customer Service

Definition: The degree of assistance and courtesy granted those who patronize a business

Free Business Tools

Forms

Forms

Download and customize these free forms:

Partnership Agreement

Cashflow Worksheet

Employment Application

Calculators

Calculators

Evaluate and analyze your financials:

Cash Flow

Starting Costs

Discounted Cash Flow

Ads by Google

Latest Articles

Why This $9 Billion Publicly Traded Toy Company Is Crowdfunding to Find the Next Big Game
Crowdfunding

Why This $9 Billion Publicly Traded Toy Company Is Crowdfunding to Find the Next Big Game

Hasbro and Indiegogo today announce that they are partnering to seek out, identify and grow the most innovative gaming ideas out there.
Catherine Clifford
How to Survive Startup-Event Overload
The Grind

How to Survive Startup-Event Overload

Five tips to navigate the awesome (but endless) sea of startup events.
David Chait
How to Deal With Increasingly Picky Business-Software Buyers
User Experience

How to Deal With Increasingly Picky Business-Software Buyers

Great UXpectations! The dark days of poor UX are finally lifting. Is your company involved?
Dharmesh Shah
12 Books on Every Aspect of Launching and Running a Business
Books

12 Books on Every Aspect of Launching and Running a Business

Finding time to read is finding time to succeed.
Firas Kittaneh
4 Free or Inexpensive Ways to Help Your Business Stand Out
Marketing

4 Free or Inexpensive Ways to Help Your Business Stand Out

A great office culture and a unique domain name can help you break through the market clutter.
Derek Newton
How to Play Games at Work Productively
Gamification

How to Play Games at Work Productively

Employers increasingly are finding that the more tedious the task, the more effective it is to make a game of it.
Pratik Dholakiya
5 Ways That Podcasting Is a Powerful Marketing Weapon
Podcasts

5 Ways That Podcasting Is a Powerful Marketing Weapon

Podcasting has seen a meteoric rise over the past several years, boosting many entrepreneurial personalities into the national spotlight.
Matthew Toren
Lawsuit Claims SoulCycle 'Robs Customers' With Its Class-Purchasing Policy
Legal

Lawsuit Claims SoulCycle 'Robs Customers' With Its Class-Purchasing Policy

The proposed class-action suit comes as SoulCycle prepares to go public.
Working Too Much in Your Business? Ask Yourself These 6 Questions.
Time Management

Working Too Much in Your Business? Ask Yourself These 6 Questions.

As an entrepreneur, the to-do list, ideas and things that clamor for your attention never stop. It's time to take back control.
Morag Barrett
7 Reasons Your Audience Isn't Connecting With Your Brand
Online Marketing

7 Reasons Your Audience Isn't Connecting With Your Brand

With the growing prominence of digital marketing, customers are coming to expect a more personalized experience, and today's savvy brands are doing everything they can to measure up.
Aaron Agius
How to Develop a Top-Notch PR Plan
Public Relations

How to Develop a Top-Notch PR Plan

It's a great resource to have and to use as a guide; it will help you strategize, implement and map out your PR efforts so you're never left clueless on what the next steps are.
5 Steps to Take Before Quitting Your Job to Become an Entrepreneur
Entrepreneurship

5 Steps to Take Before Quitting Your Job to Become an Entrepreneur

Too many people have become obsessed with an idea and quit their jobs impulsively only to find their potential business isn't as strong as they thought it would be.
Jayson DeMers
4 Ways to Keep the Team Working Together Without an Office
Teamwork

4 Ways to Keep the Team Working Together Without an Office

Technology allows companies to hire talent far beyond commuting distance but melding a team from far flung individuals requires more than just technology.
Anna Johansson
Ditch Email, and Instead Use These 3 Tools at Your Startup
Email

Ditch Email, and Instead Use These 3 Tools at Your Startup

Your team should despise email because it saps their time and their productivity. There are better options out there.
Sujan Patel
More Articles

About Encyclopedia

No matter what business topic you're interested in, you'll find our category list is an easy way to navigate our small-business encyclopedia. From Accounting and Advertising to Location and Operations, every topic offers information on the terms that matter most. And if you can't find what you need here, our "Terms A - Z" list makes tracking down terms a snap.

Ads by Google