U.S. Weekly Jobless Claims Hit 6.6 Million
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A staggering number of Americans filed for unemployment insurance for a third week in a row as the coronavirus pandemic continues to inflict damage on the U.S. labor market.
U.S. weekly jobless claims were 6.6 million for the week ending April 4, the Labor Department reported Thursday. It's the third week in a row the report has shown an outsize number of claims. The figure brings the three-week total to roughly 16.8 million unemployment filings, a record for a period of that length.
The report is the latest data release showing the devastating impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the U.S. economy. The figure comes after a record 10 million Americans filed for unemployment insurance benefits during the last two weeks of March. Layoffs first spiked after the country moved to strict social distancing guidelines, banning non-essential businesses and sending workers and students home.
"It really is completely unprecedented," Julia Pollak, labor economist at ZipRecruiter, told Business Insider. As layoffs continue, a "cascade of economic pain" is rippling through the country, she said.
On Friday, April 3, the March jobs report — which did not fully reflect job losses from the last two weeks of the month — showed that the U.S. lost 701,000 jobs, far more than economists expected. It too was a stark sign that economic pain from the coronavirus crisis started much earlier than most thought it did.
The government has implemented relief efforts in response to the sudden economic hit. At the end of March, President Donald Trump signed into law a $2 trillion coronavirus relief bill that will give aid to distressed businesses, send checks to many American households and expand unemployment benefits.
More workers now qualify, the maximum number of weeks has been extended, and all those getting benefits will receive an extra $600 per week through July. This "could contribute to new records being reached in coming weeks," Bank of America economists Alexander Lin and Michelle Meyer wrote in a Wednesday note.
Even though more people are now eligible for unemployment insurance, the weekly numbers may still be an undercount of true economic pain. State systems have been overwhelmed by the spike in people filing each week and have reportedly struggled to keep up with the volume — websites have crashed, and people can't get through on phone lines to file.
Delayed Claims, Old Systems
Those bottlenecks have delayed many claims. Paul Ianniello, 34, is an actor in New York who was laid off from both of his survival jobs — one as event staff at the Nomad Hotel in Manhattan and another at the front desk of Orangetheory Fitness Long Island City — in the course of 12 hours.
He first tried to file an unemployment claim online during New York state's open hours, Thursday through Saturday, he told Business Insider. But the website kept crashing, so he decided to wait for his allotted turn on the next Tuesday (it's alphabetical by last name).
Ianniello was able to submit an initial claim, but for it to be approved, was told he needed to call back to speak with a specialist and provide extra information about his work history. It took him three days and nearly 440 phone calls to get through, he said.
He's still waiting on additional paperwork needed to approve his claim, he said.
"I am just doing this blindly," Ianniello said, adding there's "no indication of how long it might take" for his claim to be approved.
Waiting for the Peak in Claims
The U.S. is bracing for an economic downturn, with most economists forecasting a sharp recession in the second quarter of the year. The next question economists are trying to tackle is estimating when the record surge of claims will reach a peak.
Experts think it's possible that record layoffs — and subsequent unemployment claims — will continue. The U.S. might not have gotten to the bottom of layoffs "just as we haven't yet reached the peak of the pandemic curve," said Pollak of ZipRecruiter. She still sees layoffs accelerating and job postings falling as well, she said.
Once employment peaks, economists will watch to see if claims might trend downwards or whiplash if more layoffs come.
Even if they do start to decline, unemployment claims likely won't reach pre-coronavirus levels "anytime soon," Michael Gapen, chief U.S. economist at Barclays, told Business Insider. Gapen's current forecast predicts claims falling and reaching about 500,000 in May or June, as the country gets the virus under control and reopens the economy, he said.
While the March jobs report was much worse than economists expected, many are worried about what the April report will show, as it will include the record job in unemployment claims. The last two weeks of March alone could push the unemployment rate near 15 percent, Gapen said.
The hope is that the jump in unemployment is a one-time event, and that policy such as the coronavirus stimulus package will prevent a second round surge that could come from businesses failing, or a credit crunch, he said.
Still, the numbers are unprecedented, according to Gapen. "We may come out of this realizing the benefits of social safety nets and why we should be investing in them and keeping them up to date," said Gapen.
"I'm not sure that we've ever really thought of having six million unemployment claims in one week," he said.