Small Business Encyclopedia

About Encyclopedia

No matter what business topic you're interested in, you'll find our category list is an easy way to navigate our small-business encyclopedia. From Accounting and Advertising to Location and Operations, every topic offers information on the terms that matter most. And if you can't find what you need here, our "Terms A - Z" list makes tracking down terms a snap.

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Terms starting with: e

E-Commerce

Definition: Business done on and through the web

Economic Development Agency

Definition: An agency whose goal is to help develop and support economic growth within a specified city, region or state by providing necessary resources and assistance

E-Mail Marketing

Definition: Marketing via e-mail, usually through the use of sales letters or customer newsletters

Employee Handbook

Definition: A document that includes information that employees may need to refer to frequently in order to meet the terms and conditions of their employment

Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs)

Definition: A trust set up by a company to allot some of its stock to its employees over time. Used as an employee incentive, the plan often provides tax benefits to the company.

Employer Identification Number (EIN)

Definition: A 9-digit number obtained by a business with paid employees from the IRS. If you're a sole proprietorship, your EIN is your social security number.

Employment Contract

Definition: An agreement entered into between an employer and an employee at the time the employee is hired that outlines the exact nature of their business relationship, specifically what compensation the employee will receive in exchange for specific work performed

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC

Definition: The federal government agency mandated to monitor compliance with and enforce Title VII of the Civil Rights of 1964 and other federal civil rights laws

Equipment Leasing

Definition: Obtaining the use of machinery, vehicles or other equipment on a rental basis. This avoids the need to invest capital in equipment. Ownership rests in the hands of the financial institution or leasing company, while the business has the actual use of it.

Equity Financing

Definition: A method of financing in which a company issues shares of its stock and receives money in return. Depending on how you raise equity capital, you may relinquish anywhere from 25 to 75 percent of the business.

Executive Recruitment

Definition: The act of using a personnel firm to locate potential candidates to fill open senior-level management or other critical positions in your company

Executive Summary

Definition: A nontechnical summary statement at the beginning of a business plan that's designed to encapsulate your reason for writing the plan

Executive Suites

Definition: Shared offices with services provided by a management firm

Exit Interview

Definition: The formal conversation that takes place between an employee and an HR or other manager to determine the reason(s) the employee is leaving

Exit Strategy

Definition: The planned exit of an owner from their business

Expense Report

Definition: A report that tracks expenses incurred during the course of performing necessary job functions. Examples include charges for gas, meals, parking or lodging.

Export-Import Bank

Definition: An independent bank established by Congress that finances or insures foreign purchases of U.S. goods for customers unable or unwilling to accept credit risk.

Exporting

Definition: The selling of goods and services produced in one country in another country

Entrepreneur

Definition: One who starts or assumes control of a business or other independent enterprise, often employing innovation and more than an ordinary degree of risk.

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