The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) has been around for decades. Employers use it to uncover job candidates' personality strengths and place them in the right role. MBTI results also help identify natural leaders and great communicators.
Yet, there’s little talk about how people's results impact their satisfaction once they're in a job. When leaders ignore employees’ happiness, it's hard to keep productive talent around.
Interestingly, the Sunnyvale, Calif.-based publisher of the Myers-Brigg Type Indicator, CCP, Inc., conducted new research that dove into how personality impacts workplace well-being. It looked at five aspects of well-being: positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning and accomplishments.
After surveying 3,113 participants, the company, in a September report, revealed that introverts have lower well-being in all of these areas. This isn’t all that surprising: An introvert is less likely to speak up about what’s negatively impacting him or her.
It is shocking, however, that employers aren’t being more proactive. If leaders don't find a way to improve the workplace happiness of introverts, those people will leave and take all their unique skills with them.
Want to avoid that happening to you? Here are some ideas to help connect with the introverts in your office and better understand their wellness-related needs in the workplace:
Be a chameleon.
Many leaders make the mistake of managing everyone the same way and assuming the results will equate across the board. But there’s a huge flaw in that logic: Every person, in fact, perceives and processes guidance differently. Some need more help in certain situations; some need less. So, it's up to leaders to customize their approach.
Leaders ignoring the needs of their introverts can hurt their overall workplace well-being. The reason: Introverted employees will feel less engaged and have a harder time reaching their goals. This may then lead to feelings of isolation and disappointment, negatively impacting these workers' mental health.
When managers recognize introverts’ differences, on the other hand, they can help those employees succeed, and feel more accomplished. For example, as New York-based co-founder of the digital agency Ready Set Rocket, Aaron Harvey, pointed out, introverts have trouble speaking in front of people. “If someone struggles in brainstorming sessions, simply stop by their desk in advance and ask them to be prepared with a few ideas around a specific topic,” Harvey advised in an email. “This can help them feel confident, joining a conversation that organically leads to real-time ideation.”
Consider other situations when introverts might feel that they are out of their element. For instance, consider ways in which shy employees might meet new people.
Talking with new clients, after all, probably makes them nervous. So, reduce their stress by having an extrovert they’re comfortable with tag along. Having a familiar face present will help get them through the situation.
Scrimmage employees' skill sets.
Extroverts’ strengths are obvious. They’re good communicators, enjoy building relationships and freely share their ideas -- all skills that contribute to their well-being. These traits make it easier for them to create a support system at work and to speak up about what skills they have to offer.
Introverts’ skills are more hidden, so leaders don’t always see what they bring to the table. Since introverts are less likely to communicate what responsibilities they’d like to take on, they’re left feeling unfulfilled.
Skills-assessment tools, like the MBTI, are a great solution. They reveal natural strengths and help managers assign introverts more meaningful work.
After realizing your introverts’ skills, give them more opportunities to use them. Assign tasks and projects that allow them to maximize their strengths. Fully and effectively contributing to the team will improve their feelings of meaning and accomplishment.
Arlington, Va.-based Greg Wester, senior vice president of marketing and business development at the mobile content discovery platform Mobile Posse, likes to mix it up with his employees. To help everyone on the team develop his or her skills, Wester told me, the company poses team challenges that mix introverts and extroverts.
“We’ve found that people are super competitive about winning,” he said by email. “The different types of exercises give people a variety of ways to participate, get involved and hopefully boost their well-being.”
Currently, Mobile Posses' employees are working as teams to create themed videos. Each team has eight cross-functional, cross-personality employees. They're all challenged to use their individual skills to create a video representing their perspective on a company core value or vision.
This approach to skill-building, Wester said, helps introverts connect with the entire team and gives them more confidence about their value in the organization.
Keep kindred spirits together.
While it’s good to have both types of personalities working together, introverts may become stressed if they’re paired only with extroverts.
For instance, imagine walking into a room where everyone is talking loudly and the words don’t make sense. The situation is overwhelming. This is how introverts feel when they’re surrounded by extroverts. It’s as though no one is speaking their language, and they feel isolated as a result.
What's more, iIntroverts and extroverts communicate differently. To maintain well-being, introverts need to find like-minded people they can connect with and recharge their energy with.
Rick Gibbs, a performance specialist at the Kingwood, Tex.-based HR services company Insperity, pointed out that following personality assessments, introverts can find people who are like them and make healthy connections. “The process itself can help improve communication, build teams, and expand office friendships,” Gibbs said in an email. “More introverted employees will be able to identify others with similar communications styles.”
So think about conducting personality testing at your workplace. Then, hold a meeting where everyone can discuss his or her results. This will show introverts that they are not alone. They'll be able to communicate better and deepen their relationships -- and with them their personal well-being -- at work.