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How AI is Revolutionizing Indian Healthcare: 5 Trends to Watch Out For AI is the future of Indian Healthcare, and this is why you should know how it affects you

By Vinay K Mayer

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With the second-largest global population and fastest-growing economy, India recognizes AI's transformative power. The strategic use of AI in healthcare targets challenges in rural areas, addressing poor connectivity and limited healthcare professionals.

Initiatives like AI-driven diagnostics, personalized treatment, early pandemic identification, and advanced imaging aim to significantly improve healthcare accessibility and services, particularly in underserved regions.

In the last five years, AI in healthcare in India has experienced a notable 100% growth, peaking in July and December 2023. As per our analytics, it will continue to grow further. Karnataka leads in interest, followed by Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and New Delhi, since these states are hot zones for AI and tech startups in India. Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Delhi are startup change-making regions.

AI is the future of healthcare in India, and it's essential to understand its impact.

1. Mental Health: Addressing Untapped Needs

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is becoming increasingly important in addressing the growing problem of mental health issues in India. By utilizing techniques such as Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Sentiment Analysis, therapists can now analyze large volumes of data more accurately, leading to personalized treatment plans and improved diagnosis. Therapeutic chatbots offer 24/7 support and resources, which are especially valuable in areas with limited access to mental health professionals. While AI should not replace human connection, it's a valuable tool to empower professionals and improve patient outcomes.

2. Early Disease Detection: Proactive Approach to Health

Predictive analytics, a powerful AI trend, is enhancing the accuracy of diagnosing critical and global health diseases like diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular conditions. This was evident during the pandemic, where AI-powered models for respiratory ailments, developed from analyzing lung MRI scans, proved valuable.

Initiatives like NITI Aayog's AI-driven tests for early diabetes and eye care aim to address healthcare workforce shortages, facilitate remote screenings, and ensure quality healthcare. AI algorithms can also analyze retinal images to detect diabetic retinopathy, enabling early intervention and preventing vision loss.

3. Patient Monitoring: A Smarter, Personalized Approach

Patient monitoring is undergoing a significant upgrade with AI. With the development of button-based direct-line dosage dispensers, this segment has a high potential for technology integration. The future is near when AI can optimize the dosage delivery to an admitted patient. It could also recalculate the dosage in real time and adjust it based on the patient's vitals. This could eliminate the need for crash carts for emergency electrical balancing needs, further reducing the load on healthcare workers.

4. Personalized Treatment & Medicine: Tailoring Care to Individual Needs

AI is revolutionizing treatment plans by personalizing them based on individual genetic information and medical history. This shift towards precision medicine improves patient outcomes by 20.6% compared to standard approaches. However, challenges like data privacy, equitable access, and seamless integration into clinical workflows must be addressed.

5. AI-Integrated Blockchain for Healthcare Data Security

AI-integrated blockchain technology is a promising solution for improving healthcare data security. According to a Data Breach 2023 Report by IBM, the average data breach cost is around $10.93 million. However, the report also suggests that AI and automation have the potential to reduce these costs by up to $1.76 million.

It is important to note that AI-integrated blockchain technology is still in its early stages of development. Issues such as scalability, cost, and integration with existing infrastructure require careful consideration. Additionally, the success of this technology in preventing data breaches will depend on its specific implementation and security measures.

Future Ahead: Ethical Considerations and Continuous Progress

AI is a powerful tool, but having realistic expectations and using it alongside human expertise and patient-centric considerations is crucial. As AI integration advances, ethical considerations and potential biases need careful attention. Establishing ethical AI guidelines and frameworks is vital. Remember, while AI holds immense potential, human intervention remains irreplaceable due to certain limitations.

Vinay K Mayer

Director Market Research & Consulting @ Asia Research Partners LLP | Columnist | Author | Key Opinion Leader | Philanthropist | Investor

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