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Five Reasons Why You Will Soon See More of Machine Learning Models International Data Corporation predicts that investment on AI and ML will go up to about USD 57 billion by 202

By Vanita D'souza

Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.

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Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain and Machine Learning, globally, is considered to be the holy trinity of technologies. Startups, SMEs and large corporations all together are looking at the various use case of these technologies.

While most of the noise is about blockchain and AI, there are very few discussions in the public forum about the ML's potential. But tables are turning around as International Data Corporation predicts that investment on AI and ML will go up to about USD 57 billion by 2021. In 2017, around USD 12 billion was spent in this space.

In a recent report, TMT predictions for 2018, Deloitte identified five key developments that will lead the popularity of machine learning in the future.

Automating Data Science

Data exploration and feature engineering consume as much 8 per cent of data scientist's time. However, these tasks can be automated.

"A growing number of tools and techniques for data science automation, offered by established companies as well as venture-backed startups, should help shrink the time required to execute ML-related proof of concept from months to days," the report shared.

This will automate data scientists' job and improve productivity in the community. Additionally, the development will also help companies to double their work in machine learning space

Reducing the Need of Training Data

Training an ML solution need tons of data elements and it can be quite time-consuming and an expensive exercise. But as promising techniques are emerging, the report says, the time to train the ML model will significantly come down.

Additionally, synthetic data, which mimics the characteristics of real data, can open opportunities to crowdsourcing of data and add on to the purpose.

"Another technique that could reduce the need for training data is transfer learning. With this approach, an ML model is pre-trained on one data set as a shortcut to learning new data set in similar data," the report added.

Accelerating Training

Globally, startups in the manufacturing domain are working to develop special hardware which would significantly reduce the time needed to train ML models, by using speed-based calculations and transferring data to chips.

The report claims, "Early adopters of these specialized AI chips include major technology vendors and research institutions in data science and ML, but adoption is spreading retail, financial services and telecom."

Explaining Results

Even though machine learning solutions are getting more and more impressive, it very difficult to explain how it takes the decisions. This is why ML models are undesirable for various applications.

However, Deloitte claims there are numbers of techniques being created that would help people understand how certain ML models work. Furthermore, with this field of work, ML solutions will be more interpretable and accurate.

Deploying Locally

Going forward, Deloitte also predicts, more of ML will be introduced to smart phones and smart sensors. Furthermore, the technology will also get deployed to smart cities, autonomous vehicles, wearables and IoT products.Technology companies Google, Microsoft, Facebook and Apple are developing ML software models to undertake tasks such as image recognition and language translation on portable devices. While global firms like Intel and Qualcomm are developing in-house power-efficient AI chips to bring ML to phones, the report pointed out.

Vanita D'souza

Former Senior Correspondent, Entrepreneur India

I am a Mumbai-based journalist and have worked with media companies like The Dollar Business Magazine, Business Standard, etc.While on the other side, I am an avid reader who is a travel freak and has accepted foodism as my religion.

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