What are the books that influenced Steve Jobs, Jeff Bezos, Elon Musk and Bill Gates?
The following books shaped tech's most influential people and helped them become the CEOs and global leaders they are today.Or view as a single page View As Slideshow
Given that Jeff Bezos founded Amazon as a marketplace for books, it's not surprising he reads a lot. He once told told Fast Company he buys 10 books per month.
His favorites? Built to Last: Successful Habits of Visionary Companies by Jim Collins and Jerry Porras and The Remains of the Day by Kazuo Ishiguro.
He told Newsweek: "If you read The Remains of the Day, which is one of my favorite books, you can't help but come away and think, I just spent 10 hours living an alternate life and I learned something about life and about regret."
Tony Hsieh is building up downtown Las Vegas as a hot new tech hub, and he's also the CEO of Amazon-owned shoe company, Zappos.
He enjoys the book Tribal Leadership: Leveraging Natural Groups to Build a Thriving Organization by Dave Logan, John King and Halee Fischer-Wright. Other favorites include Peak: How Great Companies Get Their Mojo from Maslow by Chip Conley and The Happiness Hypothesis: Finding Modern Truth in Ancient Wisdom by Jonathan Haidt.
"Tribal Leadershipcodifies a lot of what we've been doing instinctually and provides a great framework for all companies to bring company culture to the next level," he says.
In a recent Reddit Ask Me Anything, Microsoft founder Bill Gates named his favorite book of the last decade: Steven Pinker's The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined.
"It's a long but profound look at the reduction in violence and discrimination over time," Gates explained.
Other favorites include J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye.
"It's very clever. It acknowledges that young people are a little confused, but can be smart about things and see things that adults don't really see. So I've always loved it," he told the Academy of Achievement.
Mark Zuckerberg, CEO of Facebook, lists a lot of interests on his Facebook profile. But the only book listed is Orson Scott Card's science fiction novel, Ender's Game.
New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, founder of Bloomberg L.P., lists John le Carre spy novels as some of his favorite literature.
Ellison reads a lot of literature but one of his more recent favorites is Napoleon by Vincent Cronin.
"It's interesting to read about him for a couple of reasons: to see what one man of modest birth can do with his life, and to see how history can distort the truth entirely," he tells Achievement.
Elon Musk told NPR that he's read "thousands and thousands" of books. The Tesla Motors and SpaceX founder enjoys the Lord of the Rings series and he's read the work of many philosophers.
But one of his all-time favorites is Douglas Adams' The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Glaxay, which he read while growing up and trying to figure out his place in the universe.
One of the biggest takeaways Musk got from reading Adams was, "The question is harder than the answer."
"When we ask questions they come along with our biases. You should really ask, 'Is this the right question?' And that's hard to figure out," says Musk.
When Jack Dorsey hires a new employee at his company Square, he gives them a welcome kit. In it is a big red book, The Checklist Manifesto: How To Get Things Right by Atul Gawande.
Gawande is a doctor and writer for the New Yorker. Its premise: A simple checklist can help people manage complex situations. Gawande uses a number of examples across a variety of industries, from medicine, technology and even disaster relief to illustrate his point.
"Success metric for my work @Twitter: these books disappear from my desk. (you should read it too)," Dorsey tweeted in April.
He particularly likes this passage about venture capitalists choosing which startups to invest in. He quotes it on his Tumblr:
Smart specifically studied how such people made their most difficult decision in judging whether to give money to an entrepreneur or not. You would think that this would be whether the entrepreneur's idea is actually a good one. But finding an idea is apparently not all that hard. Finding an entrepreneur who can execute a good idea is a different matter entirely. One needs a person who can take an idea from proposal to reality, work the long hours, build a team, handle the pressures and setbacks, manage technical and people problems alike, and stick with the effort for years on end without getting distracted or going insane. Such people are rare and extremely hard to spot.
- Atul Gawande, The Checklist Manifesto
Among them: William Shakespeare's King Lear, Plato, Clayton Christensen's Innovator's Dilemma, Shunryu Suzuki's Zen Mind, Beginner's Mind, Chogyam Trungpa's Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism, Paramahansa Yogananda's Autobiography of a Yogi, and Herman Melville's Moby Dick.
One article particularly influenced him to collaborate with Steve Wozniak, "Secrets of the Little Blue Box" by Ron Rosenbaum and published in a 1971 issue of Esquire.
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This story originally appeared on Business Insider