Small Business Encyclopedia

Category: Financing

CDC-504 Loan

Definition: An SBA loan program that provides long-term, fixed-rate loans of up to $1 million for financing fixed assets, such as land and buildings

Collateral

Definition: The asset(s) used as security in order to obtain a loan

Bank Relationship

Definition: The rapport you establish with the bank with whom you conduct business transactions, which could help smooth the way when it comes to loan applications or special requests

Bootstrapping

Definition: To finance your company's startup and growth with the assistance of or input from others

Direct Public Offering (DPO)

Definition: A situation in which a company sells its shares directly to the public without the help of underwriters

Initial Public Offering (IPO)

Definition: The first sale of securities (almost always as stock) in a corporation under the regulations governing a public company

Export-Import Bank

Definition: An independent bank established by Congress that finances or insures foreign purchases of U.S. goods for customers unable or unwilling to accept credit risk.

Microloan

Definition: A SBA loan program that helps entrepreneurs get very small loans, from less than $100 to $25,000

Venture Capital

Definition: Funds flowing into a company, generally during pre-IPO process, in the form of an investment rather than a loan. Controlled by an individual or small group known as venture capitalists, these investments require a high rate of return and are secured by a substantial ownership position in the business.

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