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4 Ways Your Business Should NOT Respond to an Online Petition Remember United's P.R. disaster? By avoiding some common mistakes, companies can leverage online petitions to their advantage.

By Randy Paynter Edited by Dan Bova

Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.

Gary Hershorn | Getty Images

Last April, 69-year-old pulmonologist David Dao was dragged, wounded and bleeding, off of a United Airlines plane after refusing to voluntarily relinquish his seat on an overbooked flight. That cringe-worthy incident was captured on fellow passengers' phones, quickly going viral and turning into a notorious PR disaster.

Related: PR Disasters That Global Companies Found Hard to Deal With

The consequences for United were swift and severe. Within days after the incident, the company's stock had fallen more than 4 percent. Its unsatisfactory response to the massive public outcry -- including a petition signed by over 200,000 people demanding a federal investigation -- was undoubtedly a factor in the disastrous fallout.

The episode underscores the need for businesses to respond quickly and effectively to crises. In a digital era, getting it wrong can have a serious and lasting impact on your brand, its reputation and your bottom line.

A well-thought-out response to a viral online petition can present not just a crisis but also an opportunity for a business embroiled in controversy.

If that company is yours, an online petition provides you a single channel to address many of your most vocal critics in one fell swoop. However, as happened after the United scenario, many businesses still don't know how to leverage the chance, or at least do so smoothly. To get started, here are some common mistakes you should avoid when responding to online petitions:

Related: 5 Fantastic Examples of CEOs and Marketers Who Averted Potential PR Disasters

Consider it a threat.

When thousands of people put their name on a document targeting your business, it's natural for you to feel a bit defensive. But, too many businesses become blinded to the opportunity at hand.

One survey showed that 56 to 70 percent of customers who had complained to a company said they would do business again with a company if it resolved the complaint in their favor. An online petition is essentially a collective customer complaint. Making things right will not only build customer loyalty at scale, but may also increase positive word-of-mouth.

With United, its highly criticized response missed the opportunity to address the concerns of thousands of petitioners. Compare that to Starbucks, which recently announced it would eliminate plastic straws from its stores globally by 2020. The company's rapid and wide-reaching response to a rising online petition has received significant positive media coverage.

Hope it goes away.

Every day, people share a mindblowing 4.75 billion pieces of content on Facebook, alone, which means compelling petitions can spread rapidly.

Reporters are particularly drawn to viral online petitions. They are timely, aggregate impassioned comments, and often touch on relatable issues -- poor customer service, discrimination or cruelty. If one reputable outlet picks up a petition, dozens more can report on it within minutes. In the case of United, the internet exploded within a day, leaving a trail of evidence that will be available online for years to come.

Conversely, last December, Westfield Malls quickly responded to a campaign protesting the use of live reindeer in some of its 40 shopping centers across the country. Westfield stated it would stop the practice, agreeing it was not in the best interests of the animals' welfare. The issue disappeared without being picked up by any media outlets.

Fail to connect with the petition author.

As the founder of a global social advocacy platform, I have seen many petitions that could have had better outcomes, but the company involved failed to contact the petition author.

One key to building strong relationships with customers is to show them they are dealing with an actual person, versus a faceless corporation. A petition response is a unique way for a business to show a customer its human side. The payoff? According to Harvard Business Review, emotionally engaged customers are at least three times more likely to recommend your product or service, and three times more likely to re-purchase.

Fail to act.

Hurricane Harvey forced more than 30,000 Americans out of their homes, including the Parker family from Texas. Once the Parkers finally found a Holiday Inn Express with a vacancy, they were devastated to learn the hotel would not allow their three rescue dogs to stay with them. But after nearly 100,000 people signed a petition to change this policy, the hotel responded with a public apology to the family.

Furthermore, the parent company of Holiday Inn, the InterContinental Hotels Group, followed up with action and mandated that all its hotels welcome pets during natural disasters.

Once upon a time, you could create a paper petition. Over weeks or months, you would pass it around to people who would sign it with a pen. Eventually, the document would get delivered to its target; and, maybe, if you were lucky, some kind of positive change would follow. Today's petitions, of course, are different. In just a matter of hours, a popular one can go from inception to the amassing of tens of thousands of online signatures, capturing the attention of the media and public along the way.

Related: The Mistakes That Make a PR Crisis Even Worse

The good news is that it's not all bad news if your business gets targeted. By avoiding some common mistakes and taking a fast and proactive approach, companies can leverage online petitions to their advantage and avoid the P.R. disaster that could have been.

Randy Paynter

Founder and CEO of Care2

Randy Paynter is the founder and CEO of Care2, a social network of 50 million members standing together to make the world a better place. Care2 is a social enterprise, using the power of business as a force for good.

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