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How to Utilize Real Estate in Your Retirement Portfolio Here's why owning real estate can be a great addition to your retirement portfolio and several ways you can utilize it.

By Chris Kampitsis Edited by Chelsea Brown

Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.

Owning investment real estate to generate income during retirement can be a valuable addition to your portfolio. There are several ways to utilize real estate in your retirement portfolio. In this article, we explore several ways owning real estate could be incorporated into your current balance sheet and become a major part of your retirement plans.

We will break down the different options you have and list a few pros and cons as well:

Related: 5 Reasons Why Real Estate Is a Great Investment

Supplemental income stream

The most common way to make real estate a contributing factor in your retirement portfolio is owning rental real estate as a supplemental income stream. Let's break down the pros and cons of such an endeavor:

The pros:

  • A stable, potentially rising stream of income

  • An activity to keep you busy in retirement

  • Potential additional tax advantages and deductions

  • Great diversification from stocks and bonds

The cons:

  • People rarely factor in all the costs such as insurance, taxes, maintenance, bad tenants, etc.

  • A large down payment or cash offer is often required to generate positive monthly cash flow.

  • Mortgage rates are high now compared to recent history, which makes positive cash flow a bit harder to achieve.

  • Potential liability from an unforeseen accident

Short-term rentals

There are a lot of great opportunities in the short-term rental space. This does bring on the added responsibility of marketing, generating positive reviews and buzz, as well as an increased need for maintenance and attentiveness. Like any small business where some extra work is required — if done well, it will pay off in the end. We have several clients who have had a lot of success with short-term rentals. There are even websites dedicated to helping you generate supplemental income from your properties.

Related: 9 Ways to Invest in Real Estate for Retirement

Publicly traded real estate investments

Physically owning and maintaining real estate is not the only way to go about benefiting from real estate as an investment. You might want to consider publicly traded real estate investments (REITs or Real Estate Investment Trusts).

These also come with their own sets of pros and cons:

The pros:

  • Higher stream of income vs. similar credit quality stocks and bonds

  • An easy way to access specific niches (i.e., targeting warehouses and data centers, housing, offices, medical communities, etc.)

  • Decent diversification from other types of stocks and bonds

The cons:

  • Not altogether uncorrelated — principal value will fluctuate along with the market

  • Not quite the same feeling as owning a tangible asset

My personal recommendation is, if you own publicly traded real estate, make sure you own it primarily for the income, not for the principal appreciation. Yes, you could potentially make money over time, but you should think of this transaction as an income play.

Real estate investment trusts (REIT)

Another option to consider is the private REIT space. A private REIT will give you an investing experience somewhere between owning real estate and owning a publicly traded real estate fund. If you're interested in the private REIT space, you should work with your advisor to do some due diligence and keep in mind the following:

  • How does the fund's liquidity work? What is your time commitment?

  • You're paying fees to a sponsor and a property manager — not entirely different than you would pay when owning other properties.

  • Understand what these costs and fees look like.

  • What do they own, and what do they plan to buy?

  • Have they successfully gone "full cycle" before?

  • How did their funds do during prior periods of real estate distress?

  • Accept the fact that you're giving up control over these decisions but mitigating the risk of bad decision-making by relying on professionals.

Related: What You Should Consider Including in Your Retirement Portfolio

Owning rental real estate can be a rewarding and wealth-building experience. If you've never owned rental real estate before, the idea could be daunting. But many experienced real estate investors will tell you that while the first investment property may be the hardest, it will only get easier from there.

Once you begin, you may experience a bad tenant. It's bound to happen, and every rental owner should be prepared for the occasional bad apple. Don't let one or two bad experiences scare you from being a landlord.

The more you're willing to roll up your sleeves and get involved, the more likely you'll succeed — just like with anything else in life. Any type of success in real estate does not happen by accident. Make sure you're working with your financial planner and your property and casualty specialist to account for potential worst-case scenarios.

Whether you're physically owning it with after-tax dollars or diversifying a portion of your retirement accounts into publicly traded real to increase your existing portfolio's level of income — there are certainly a lot of potential benefits that at least merit a conversation about how you can utilize real estate in your retirement portfolio.

Chris Kampitsis

Entrepreneur Leadership Network® Contributor

Financial Planner

Chris Kampitsis brings more than 15 years of financial planning experience to his role as a Financial Planner with Barnum Financial Group.

Want to be an Entrepreneur Leadership Network contributor? Apply now to join.

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