Get All Access for $5/mo

How Bad Is Bitcoin for the Environment? It Uses More Energy Than Argentina. The race to 'mine' for cryptocurrency causes outsized carbon emissions, study says.

By Adrian Falk

Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.

Cryptocurrency's failure isn't just its plummeting financial losses over the last year but also the devastating effects the digital currency has had on our planet.

Why is it bad for the environment? Very simply, the amount of energy needed to power crypto puts millions of metric tons of carbon into the air. The worst cryptocurrency of them all is Bitcoin, the original form of crypto and the largest.

To put some figures into perspective, each Bitcoin transaction currently utilizes 1201.34 kWh of electricity. This is equivalent to an average US household's power consumption over 41.8 days. When you look at the figures of energy required for Bitcoin mining across the last twelve months, it is more than the amount of power Argentina has consumed within a year, according to a study by The Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance.

The mining problem

The root of crypto's eco-damage stems from Bitcoin mining—but it's not the type of mining you think. Mining for fossil fuels involves heavy machinery, digging, lots of physical labor, and logistics. Bitcoin mining is as simple as switching on a computer server.

The ease of accessibility can turn any mortal into a miner within minutes (and a few complex processing servers that cost thousands of dollars each).

Related: How a Savvy Entrepreneur Built the First Home Heater That Mines Bitcoin

The decentralized currency relies on its community competing to solve complex mathematical equations using a large network of computer servers. Each server is battling it out to come up first with the solution, yet there can only be one winner. It's a race against time, with the server's owner being rewarded in Bitcoin for each correct answer.

But the overall effect of this mining on carbon emissions is tremendous. According to reports, the production of Bitcoin emits nearly half a ton of carbon dioxide during every transaction. This sheer volume of emissions alone would require 300 million trees to be planted to offset this amount of CO2.

It's no wonder why nine countries have banned crypto production. With China out of the picture, the US has become the top Bitcoin miner.

Related: Crypto's Sojourn to Green

Many Bitcoin miner businesses are swooping up defunct coal plants that were in financial turmoil, and putting them to use that is having detrimental effects prompting Greenpeace to commence campaigning for a change. Kentucky has bolted first to the finish line as if it's a run for the roses as a result of its tax incentives.

The Bitcoin industry even has a marketing slogan. "Change The Code, Not The Climate" is an initiative launched earlier this year stressing that the world can still exist with cryptocurrency and a healthy climate.

What is the solution?

Not all cryptocurrency is a threat to the environment. For example, Ethereum, the second largest form of crypto, recently adopted a friendly way of production. Moving away from Bitcoin's proof of work model, Ethereum's proof of stake's production involves far less computing power, using only 0.02 kWh per transaction.

But as long as Bitcoin mining remains profitable, we need to implement initiatives that will also make it sustainable. Learning from other currencies, such as Etherium, could be the holy grail on how we can reverse the effects of climate change while paving the way for a greener future, where cryptocurrency and a healthy environment can co-exist.

Related: Bill Gates Says Refusing to Eat Meat Will Not Really Affect the Climate Crisis

Adrian Falk

Entrepreneur Leadership Network® Contributor

Founder & CEO of Believe Advertising & PR

Founder of international advertising and PR agency Believe Advertising, Adrian Falk generates publicity for entrepreneurs, IT, fashion, luxury travel and beauty corporations across the globe, increasing their leads and sales.

Want to be an Entrepreneur Leadership Network contributor? Apply now to join.

Editor's Pick

Business Solutions

Increase Productivity with This Microsoft 365 Subscription, Now $25 Off

It can make the entrepreneur life a lot easier.

Business News

Apple Pay Later Is Ending. Here's What's Taking Its Place.

The program was available for less than a year.


This Artist Answered a Businessman's 'Powerful' Question — Then His Work Became 'the Poster Child for Juneteenth': 'Your Network Really Becomes Your Net Worth'

Reginald Adams was the executive director of a Houston-based art museum for more than a decade before he decided to launch his own public art and design firm.


Harvard Business School Professor Says 65% of Startups Fail for One Reason. Here's How to Avoid It.

Team alignment isn't nice to have -- it's critical for running a successful business.

Business News

Here's What Companies Are Open and Closed on Juneteenth 2024

Since it became a holiday in 2021, Juneteenth has been recognized by some major corporations as a paid day off.

Growing a Business

I Hit $100 Million in Annual Revenue by Being More Transparent — Here Are the 3 Strategies That Helped Me Succeed

Three road-tested ways to be more transparent and build relationships that can transform your business — without leaving you feeling nightmarishly over-exposed.