10 Things You Didn't Realize Were Invented in the 1990s
From Google.com to Nintendo 64 -- there's much to attribute to the 1990s.
Things started to resemble today's world in the 1990s: People were using cell phones and had computers in their homes.
People were exposed to sleek new digital products that foreshadowed many of the gadgets we use today. In 1996, the world said goodbye to VHS and adopted a new technology for watching videos -- the DVD. With the emergence of Google in 1998, people gained the ability to search for nearly anything online. And a person didn’t need to pick up the phone and call a friend over some small news, instead they could send a quick text message.
From Nokia’s first mobile phone to Google.com, a lot happened in the '90s. Check out these 10 inventions you probably didn’t realize were invented in the decade.
Adobe Photoshop (1990)Fascinated by technology and art, brothers Thomas and John Knoll noticed the lack of photo-editing features on computers and decided to code some of their own. After years of development in the late 1980s, the Knoll brothers sought investors and eventually caught the attention of Adobe. With Adobe’s investment and help from its staff, Photoshop 1.0 was put on the market in February 1990.
Linux (1991)In 1991, Linus Torvalds was in his second year at the University of Helsinki when he began developing the industry-changing open source operating system Linux. He originally set out to build a new operating system for his Intel PC, but Torvalds ended up creating one of biggest platforms for internet companies such as Google, Amazon, Facebook and Twitter.
Text messaging (1992)
In 1992, Neil Papworth, a former developer at Sema Group Telecoms, successfully sent the first text message to Richard Jarvis, a director at Vodafone. At the time, mobile phones did not have keyboards, so Papworth typed his message, “Merry Christmas,” on a PC. Nokia’s 1011 (next slide) was the first mobile phone to support SMS text messaging.
Nokia 1011 (1994)Although mobile phones emerged on the market in the 1980s, it wasn’t until 1994 that Nokia released its first cell phone, the Nokia 1011. The device changed the way cell phones were viewed, being the first mass-produced GSM phone. Before the Nokia 1011, mobile phones were larger and clunkier, making them difficult to carry around.
Sony PlayStation (1994)On Dec. 3, 1994, Sony released the first PlayStation in Japan. The Playstation, which retailed for 37,000 yen (about $387), skyrocketed in popularity and was considered Sony’s most important product since the Walkman. It launched in the U.S. in September 1995 and saw instant success.
Nintendo 64 (1996)On June 23, 1996, Nintendo 64 launched in Japan, becoming the first home console to feature an analog stick as its primary control. By September that year, N64 made its way to the U.S. The console was a major breakthrough in the gaming industry, allowing users to aim with precision and control like never before.
Tickle Me Elmo (1996)
After coming up with the idea to create a stuffed animal that would laugh when someone tickled it, inventor Ron Dubren partnered with engineer Greg Hyman to create a stuffed monkey with laughing technology. Although that toy never saw success, Dubren’s idea lived on. In 1996, toy company Tyco asked to use Dubren’s technology to create a laughing doll of Elmo from Sesame Street. Tickle Me Elmo became one of the most popular children’s toys and was named the most desired toy of the 1996 holiday shopping season. It now lives on TIME’s “All-Time 100 Greatest Toys” list.