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A Guide To The Top Angel Investor Groups in Saudi Arabia In this article, we have listed some of the most notable and active angel investor groups in Saudi Arabia, in no particular order.

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The term "angel investor" was coined in 1978 by William Wetzel, the founder of the Centre for Venture Research and a professor at the University of New Hampshire. The term originated from the practice of affluent individuals providing funding for theatrical productions on Broadway, which was paid back with interest once the productions started generating revenue. Wetzel used the term to describe investors who supported startup businesses with seed capital.

Angel investors are thus individuals, usually affluent people, who lend money to startup businesses, typically in return for ownership equity or convertible debt. Angel investors tend to offer more than simply cash assistance; providing direction, knowledge, and beneficial connections to aid the firms they invest in. Angel investors are also known as informal investors, angel funders, private investors, seed investors, or business angels.

Compared to venture capital (VC) firms, angel investors focus on making smaller investments in early-stage ventures, often in the pre-seed stage. They may also be more willing to take risks on unproven ideas. Unlike VCs, who use money from other investors, angel investors fund entrepreneurs with their own capital.

In Saudi Arabia, before 2018, there were only a few venture capital firms operating in the Kingdom, but the ecosystem had started to gain momentum with fund of funds like Jada and SVC injecting capital into first-time funds and co-investing in startups to de-risk and incentivize investments. Since 2017, the number of local VCs have ballooned, predominantly investing in seed-stage and early-stage startups.

Today, there are over 65 VC firms, fund of funds, angel groups, incubators, and accelerators that are headquartered in Saudi Arabia and whom have invested in one startup or another. In this article, we have listed some of the most notable and active angel investor groups in Saudi Arabia, in no particular order:

1. OQAL Angel investors Network

OQAL is the conjunction of two Arabic words: oqool (minds) and amwal (capital).

OQAL was the first angel investor network established in the Kingdom in 2011. OQAL is an endowment that was founded by Faris Al-Rashed in his home after meeting with a group of friends and acquaintances who shared the same passion and experience in developing and scaling promising entrepreneurial companies. Today, it boasts over 200 members from across Saudi Arabia and the GCC.

Based on publicly available data, OQAL has completed 34 deals to date across MENA, with the majority of deals (22) being made on Saudi startups. OQAL's most active funding year was 2019, when it completed 16 deals, 11 of which were for Saudi startups. It is estimated that OQAL has deployed over US$11 million in venture capital since its founding.

2. WomenSpark

WomenSpark was founded in 2013 as the first female angel investor network in the Kingdom. WomenSpark was founded by Deemah AlYahya, a digital economy enthusiast who has spent the past 20 years focused on growing the developer community and tech ecosystem in Saudi Arabia, in various corporate and government roles. In 2021, WomenSpark made five investments totalling over SAR1 million. Four of the startups were led by female founders. It is estimated that WomenSpark has deployed nearly $1 million since its founding.

3. Athaal

Athaal is an angel investor group founded in 2018 and based in Jeddah, that invests across the MEA region. It is estimated that Athaal's angel investors have invested over $1.5 million.

4. Riyadh Angel Investors

Riyadh Angel Investors (RAI) consists of over 50 members who are top executives at leading corporations across the Kingdom. RAI angels average a $10,000 to $100,000 check size per investor on deals, which target startups across the MENA region in the seed stage, post minimum viable product. To date, RAI have invested in eight startups, and have deployed an estimated $1.7 million.

Learn more about the most prominent investors in Saudi Arabia's startup ecosystem by checking out the report, The Evolution of Saudi Arabia's Startup Ecosystem 2010-2022.

This article was originally published on Lucidity Insights, a partner of Entrepreneur Middle East in developing special reports on the Middle East and Africa's tech and entrepreneurial ecosystems.

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