MacOS High Sierra's 'Root' Bug Makes Hacking it Easy
The bug appears to only affect High Sierra (MacOS 10.13.1), and Apple is working on a fix.
The hack is easy to pull off. It can be triggered through the Mac's System Preferences application when "Users &; Groups" is selected, and the lock icon on the window is clicked. After that, a new login window will appear. Anyone who types "root" as the username, leaves the password field empty, and clicks unlock (once or twice) is on their way to a new account that has system admin privileges to the computer.
With those privileges, the account can be used to modify the rest of the Mac and look up passwords on the keychain access. Even after a reboot, the root account remains.
The problem made headlines when security researcher Lemi Orhan Ergin tweeted about on Tuesday.
Amit Serper, a security researcher with Cybereason, replicated the result and said the bug "is as serious as it gets."
Hackers are always crafting malware that can gain greater system privileges into a computer. Now they have a new way, which can also be triggered via a Mac's command line function. Imagine a piece of malicious code designed to attack Macs using the same flaw. Users wouldn't even know they were compromised, Serper said.
Shortly after the bug was made public, Apple issued the following statement:
"We are working on a software update to address this issue. In the meantime, setting a root password prevents unauthorized access to your Mac. To enable the Root User and set a password, please follow the instructions here. If a Root User is already enabled, to ensure a blank password is not set, please follow the instructions from the 'Change the root password' section."
Security experts are still going over the bug, but it can be remotely exploitable, if for instance, screen sharing is enabled on the Mac.
If certain sharing services enabled on target - this attack appears to work ? remote ??? (the login attempt enables/creates the root account with blank pw) Oh Apple ???? pic.twitter.com/lbhzWZLk4v— patrick wardle (@patrickwardle) November 28, 2017
It does not appear Apple was made aware of the bug before it was publicized on Twitter, something the security community generally frowns upon. "This kind of public disclosure can put users at risk," said Keith Hoodlet, a security engineer with Bugcrowd, which does crowdsourced security testing.
He recommends users refrain from trying out the bug on their High Sierra-installed Macs. Doing so creates an account with super privileges, which can open it up to remote attack. To mitigate the risk, users who've decided to test the bug should create a password for the new root account, which can be done by following the temporary fix Apple provided.
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