The People, Products and Brands We've Lost This Year
From Don Rickles to Chuck Berry, a sad look back at this year's losses.
1. Pepe the frog
2. Stanley Weston, father of G.I. Joe toy
3. Dr. Julius Youngner
4. Yik Yak
5. Emma Morano, the oldest person in the world and the last born in the 19th century
6. Robert Taylor, tech innovator and the mastermind behind ARPAnet
7. Al Golin, McDonald’s original PR genius
8. Don Rickles, the “King of Insult Comedy”
9. Joe Harris, illustrator of the iconic Underdog and Trix Rabbit cartoons
10. Chuck Barris, “The King of Daytime Television”
11. Chuck Berry, rock ‘n’ roll pioneer
12. Joseph W. Rogers, co-founder of Waffle House
13. So.cl, Microsoft’s social network
14. Mildred Dresselhaus, the Queen of Carbon
16. Mary Tyler Moore
18. Ikutaro Kakehashi, founder of Roland Corporation
19. Pamela Edstrom, Microsoft’s first PR director
It’s pretty early in the year and we’re already saying goodbye. At the end of 2016, Twitter announced it was shutting down its video service Vine -- devastating thousands with the news. YouTube personality and filmmaker Casey Neistat closed the gates of his social video app Beme too when he sold it to CNN in the fall of 2016.
On top of companies making their exits, we’ve seen some of our favorite and most inspirational leaders pass away. The Queen of Carbon, Mildred Dresselhaus, died in February this year, as well as iconic actress Mary Tyler Moore.
Here are some of the people, products and brands we’ve lost this year.
Adios, Pepe. Cartoonist and Pepe the frog creator Matt Furie has officially killed one of the world’s most popular memes, which saw a boost in its infamy as a white supremacist symbol during the U.S. election.
In Celebration of Free Comic Book Day on Saturday, May 6, Furie published a one-page piece of his “Boys’ Club” series -- where Pepe ultimately got its start in 2005 -- that shows Pepe in a casket surrounded by mourning friends.
Last year, when an alt-right version of Pepe the frog went viral, Furie said Pepe’s political association was just a “phase.” However, after the Anti-Defamation League labeled Pepe as an anti-Semitic hate symbol, Furie made efforts to clean up Pepe’s image, even launching a campaign #SavePepe to encourage people to create positive Pepe memes.
Unfortunately, Furie’s efforts weren’t enough and the cartoon has continued to be an alt-right meme (most recently it was “Pepe Le Pen”), so Furie has decided to bow out. Although, you’ll likely see Pepe on the internet, its creator is no longer behind it.
Eighty-four-year-old Stanley Weston, entrepreneur and inventor of the G.I. Joe toy, passed away on May 1.
After leaving the army and moving to New York, Weston worked briefly for an advertising firm, although after noticing opportunities in the licensing and merchandising industry, he left the firm and launched Weston Merchandising.
In 1960, after barbie dolls came on the market and Weston noticed that there was a lack of a male version (other than Ken), Weston came up with the idea for a military action figure -- G.I. Joe. He sold the G.I. Joe concept to Hasbro in 1963 and continued to work with his company, which he renamed Leisure Concepts. From Farrah Fawcett to Bruce Jenner to Nintendo, Weston’s company represented a number of famous people and brands.
Considered one of the “founding fathers” of the licensing industry, Weston was inducted into the Licensing Industry Hall of Fame in 1989.
One of the brains behind the world-changing polio vaccine, Dr. Julius Youngner died on April 27 at 96-years-old. Youngner worked with Dr. Jonas Salk to research and eventually discover a vaccine for polio, which was a widespread epidemic at the time -- affecting more than 50,000 children in one year in the early 1950s.
Working alongside Salk and five other researchers at the University of Pittsburgh, the team announced in mid-1955 that the vaccine had proven 90 percent effective on tests on 440,000 children. After the announcement and as more children around the country received the vaccine, the number of annual polio cases declined from an average 14,000 to 1,000.
In late April, Yik Yak, the mobile chat app that let people post anonymously -- mostly for catty gossip in schools and social circles -- announced its plans to close up shop. At one point being valued at $400 million, the app began to lose traction among young users when other apps such as Snapchat began to emerge.
"We were so lucky to have the most passionate users on the planet. It’s you who made this journey possible," Yik Yak’s young founders Tyler Droll and Brooks Buffington wrote in a blog post. "The time has come, however, for our paths to part ways, as we’ve decided to make our next moves as a company."
Although no date is set, the app will officially close down at the end of the school year.
The last person born in the 19th century and the oldest person in the world, Emma Morano, passed away on April 15 at 117 years and 137 days old.
Born on Nov. 29, 1899, Morano’s lived through three centuries and two World Wars. Until she was 65, Morano worked in a factory. She lost her first husband in World War I and in an interview with Reuters, shared that she was forced to remarry but did not love her second husband, who she eventually divorced.
She outlived her eight brothers and sisters, and in 2016 was awarded the Guinness World Record for oldest living person and oldest living woman in the world. She attributes her long life to a diet of raw eggs and cookies.
On April 13, one of the world’s greatest tech innovators, Robert Taylor, passed away. The 85-year-old was best known for his work behind ARPAnet -- the precursor to the internet.
Ahead of his time, Taylor foreshadowed the future of the internet with the work he completed creating ARPAnet while he was the director of the U.S. military’s Advanced Research Projects Agency from 1965 to 1970. After his work in the military, Taylor went on to oversee Xerox’s Palo Alto Research Center where he helped develop groundbreaking technologies.
Al Golin, the original public relations man for McDonald’s, died on April 8 at 87 years old.
Golin got his big break in 1957, when he made the legendary cold phone call to McDonald’s CEO Ray Kroc that launched his career and his more than 60-year relationship with McDonald’s. During the phone call, Golin pitched his services and Kroc invited him in for a meeting. Shortly after, the two were in business. Golin built McDonald’s reputation and helped establish it as a brand. He had a close relationship with Kroc and continued to work with the company until his recent passing.
“McDonald’s owes Al a tremendous debt of gratitude for all he accomplished in his partnership with us,” McDonald’s CEO Steve Easterbrook said in a statement.
Don Rickles -- the only comedian who could get away with insulting Frank Sinatra -- passed away on April 6 at 90-years-old.
From nightclub performances to celebrity roasts to being the the voice of Toy Story’s Mr. Potato Head, Rickles left his mark on the world. Although a successful actor and an honorary member of the “rat pack,” Rickles is most notably remembered for his ruthless sense of humor. Often labeled the “King of Insult Comedy,” Rickles was revered in the comedy and entertainment worlds.
“He could tease presidents and first ladies. He could say things to Frank Sinatra that no one could say to Sinatra. He could walk in and Frank would start to laugh,” George Schlatter, the producer of sketch-comedy TV show Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In, told The New York Post.
Joe Harris, the creative artist behind cartoon characters such as Underdog and the Trix cereal rabbit, died on March 26 at 89-years-old.
In the 1950s, Harris worked for the ad agency Dancer Fitzgerald Sample, where he drew cartoons and storyboards for big brands. Working on a pitch for General Mills, Harris came up with one of the world’s favorite cereal cartoons, Trix the rabbit, and his famous slogan, “Silly rabbit! Trix are for kids” -- which has graced TV screens for decades.
Harris went on to create the characters King Leonardo, Klondike Kat, Tennessee Tuxedo and most notably, Underdog. The Underdog, a cartoon canine shoe shiner-turned-super hero, became one of the most popular cartoon shows on television in the '60s, with a Saturday morning slot on NBC. With a balloon in the Macy’s Thanksgiving Parade, a theme song that will make your ears perk up with nostalgia and a 2007 live-action film -- Underdog has left a legacy.
At 87, game show guru Chuck Barris, best known for creating The Dating Game, The Gong Show and The Newlywed Game, passed away on March 21, 2017.
His first show, The Dating Game, launched in 1965. Contestants on the show would ask questions of three people of the opposite sex who were hidden from the contestant’s sight. Then, the would contestant choose which person he or she would like to date based on those answers. At that point, all three of the hidden bachelors or bachelorettes would emerge.
Later, in 1976, Barris produced and hosted The Gong Show -- one of the world’s first TV talent shows. After much success with his game shows, Barris dubbed himself “The King of Daytime Television.”
At 90-years-old, the world on March 17 lost one of the most influential rock ‘n’ roll singers, songwriters and guitarists, Chuck Berry. A founding father to the genre, known for hits such as “Johnny B. Goode,” “Maybellene” and “Roll Over Beethoven,” Berry spent more than 60 years rocking the music scene -- in fact, he was one of the first inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
His musical achievements also entered him into the Blue’s Foundation’s Blues Hall of Fame, landed him number six on Rolling Stone’s list of “100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time” and this year he was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
He paved the way for other rock ‘n’ roll legends such as The Rolling Stones, The Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, David Bowie, Eric Clapton, AC/DC and more. John Lennon once said, “If you tried to give rock and roll another name, you might call it ‘Chuck Berry.’” Keith Richards, also a big fan of Berry, said, “Chuck Berry always was the epitome of rhythm and blues playing, rock ’n’ roll playing. It was beautiful and effortless, and his timing was perfection.” After Berry’s death, Richards went on to call Berry “the grandaddy of us all” in Rolling Stone.
At 97 years old, Joseph W. Rogers, one of the founders of restaurant chain Waffle House, passed away on March 3, 2017.
Rogers and his neighbor Tom Forkner co-founded Waffle House in 1955, opening the first location in an Atlanta suburb. Best known for its 24-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week service, the iconic chain with the yellow sign quickly picked up traction. By the 1970s, there were more than 400 restaurants nationwide, and today there are around 1,900.
Whether you knew it existed or not, Microsoft will shut down its social network, So.cl, on March 15. The platform, which launched in May 2012, was a content-sharing website primarily used by students and young people.
Microsoft’s Fuse Labs, which spearheaded the project, wrote in a blog post: "In supporting you, Socl's unique community of creators, we have learned invaluable lessons in what it takes to establish and maintain community as well as introduce novel new ways to make, share and collect digital stuff we love."
On Feb. 20, 2017, Mildred Dresselhaus, also known as the “Queen of Carbon,” passed away. A professor emerita at M.I.T., Dresselhaus was also the first female institute professor at the school and is best known for her breakthrough research of fundamental carbon properties.
Dresselhaus is also known for her efforts in promoting women in science. She won a number of awards for her work, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the National Medal of Science and the Vannevar Bush Award.
YouTube personality, filmmaker and entrepreneur Casey Neistat closed a deal with CNN late last year, selling his video app Beme. Following the acquisition, Beme officially shut down on Jan. 31. What made Beme different than other social video apps was its ability to record short clips simply by putting your phone to your chest.
With Neistat’s name attached to the app, it picked up some traction, although it was short-lived, having only launched in July 2015. And with competitors such as Snapchat and Instagram, the industry was a little too tough to crack.
Actress and cultural icon Mary Tyler Moore died on Jan. 25, 2017. She was best known for her roles in sitcoms The Mary Tyler Moore Show and The Dick Van Dyke Show, as well as Hollywood blockbusters such as Thoroughly Modern Millie and Ordinary People, the latter of which she was nominated for an Oscar for “Best Actress.”
She often played characters that pushed gender norms and served as an inspiration for women worldwide. At 80, Moore passed away from cardiac arrest caused by pneumonia. Many celebrities took to social media to express their grief over her death.
#MaryTylerMoore was a dear friend and a truly great person. A fighter. Rest in peace, MTM.— Larry King (@kingsthings) January 25, 2017
Today we mourn the passing of one of the groundbreaking stars of Television, Mary Tyler Moore...— Bette Midler (@BetteMidler) January 25, 2017
People were devastated when Twitter announced it was pulling the plug on its 6-second-looping video app Vine. The company announced the news in Oct. 2016, but it wasn’t until Jan. 17 that the app was officially taken down.
Initially launched in 2012, Vine had a good run. In fact, it even birthed some pretty hilarious Vine stars -- who today have found themselves distraught over the loss. The website is still up -- although just for archival purposes.
Ikutaro Kakehashi, founder of Roland Corporation, died on April 1 at the age of 87. Kakehashi, who's considered a musical legend, was most famous for electronic music effects, which was the backbone of Roland. Founded in 1972, Roland built electronic musical machines that changed the music industry forever, specifically for genres such as electronic, '80s pop and hip hop.
Kakehashi was a leader in computer-based tunes. Many of the products created at Roland were responsible for the emergence of new musical genres and the basis of many artists’ careers and work, such as the hand clapping in Nine Inch Nails songs, the electronic drum in Afrika Bambaataa’s pieces and Kanye West’s album 808s & Heartbreak.
Kakehashi retired in 2013. He has been awarded a Technical Grammy and a spot on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame.
At 71-years-old, entrepreneur and public relations guru Pamela Edstrom passed away on March 28.
Joining the Microsoft team in 1982 as the company’s first director of public relations, Edstrom helped shape the image of Microsoft and its founder Bill Gates during the peak of its popularity.
Leaving Microsoft shortly after to launch her own PR company with colleague Melissa Waggener, called Waggener Edstrom, the duo built one of today’s largest, most successful PR firms, with Microsoft being one of its biggest clients.
A trusted advisor to Gates and an influence to many others in the PC industry, Edstrom was recognized for her caring nature, creativity and her ability to build strong, meaningful relationships.
“Pam was a creative pioneer who defined new ways of doing PR that made a huge mark on Microsoft and the entire industry,” Gates wrote in an email to The New York Times.