Today, more than 35 percent of the U.S. workforce are freelancers -- and this proportion is growing every year. This means competition is fiercer than ever. In order to be successful and stand out from the crowd, it’s vital to develop the most sought-after skills in the U.S. freelance job market.
Related: The Rise of the 6-Figure Freelancer
Freelancing website Upwork recently released its Skills Index, a list of the 20 freelance skills that grew the most quickly at the end of 2016. From data science to engineering to IT and development, 65 percent of the skills on the list are tech skills, while marketing skills account for 30 percent.
Between 2015 and 2016, demand for each of the skills on the list grew by at least 100 percent. The top 10 saw 200 percent year-over-year growth.
Here are the top five fastest-growing skills:
Natural language processing -- a field of computer science that studies human-computer interaction
Swift -- a programming language for macOS, iOS, watchOS and tvOS
Tableau -- business intelligence and analytics software
Amazon Marketplace Web Services -- a web service that supports and helps individuals and companies sell through Amazon.com
Stripe -- online payment technology
Between the third and fourth quarters of 2016, data science was the fastest-growing category. With the rise of AI, and as products such as Amazon Echo and Google Home pick up in popularity, it’s no wonder natural language processing is the most coveted skill.
Apple products continue to demand more developers -- in fact, sales of the Apple Watch reached a record high during the 2016 holiday season. The programming language behind these devices is Swift, which takes second place on the list of top skills.
If you’re a freelancer, check out Upwork’s infographic below to find out which skills you should start learning today.